Chapter 24 Growth of Colonial Nationalism, 1880-1939


In the age of imperialism, Western industrial powers carried their institutions, their culture, and their general worldview throughout the globe. In settlement colonies they created what one modern historian has called “neo-Europes.” In dependent colonies and spheres of influence, Western-style education produced new local elites heavily influenced by Western conceptions of nationalism, liberalism, democracy, and even socialism. Both European colonists and non-European Western-educated elites soon developed their own senses of identity, demanding the same rights and privileges enjoyed by their imperial rulers, and eventually, independence.


King-Emperor George V with his Dominion Prime Ministers gathered for the Imperial Conference of 1926. Standing (left to right): Walter Stanley Monroe (Newfoundland), Gordon Coates (New Zealand), Stanley Bruce (Australia), J. B. M. Hertzog (Union of South Africa), W.T. Cosgrave (Irish Free State). Seated: Stanley Baldwin (United Kingdom), King George V, William Lyon Mackenzie King (Canada).